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Bangladesh and ICT Development

সারাহ জেবীন

Bangladesh, officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh , is a country in South Asia. It is the eighth-most populous country in the world, with a population exceeding 161 million people. With the partition of India in 1947, it became the Pakistani province of East Bengal (later renamed East Pakistan), one of five provinces of Pakistan. In 1971 it became the independent country of Bangladesh, with its capital at Dhaka. Its large Muslim population makes Bangladesh the fourth-largest Muslim-majority country in the world. The constitution declares Bangladesh a secular, Muslim-majority country. A middle power, Bangladesh is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional republic following the Westminster system of governance. The country is divided into eight administrative divisions and sixty-four districts.

The rural area throughout Bangladesh is so thickly settled that it is often difficult to distinguish any well-defined pattern of individual villages. There are, however, some noticeable features. The inundation of most of the fields during the rainy season makes it necessary to build houses on higher ground. Continuous strings of settlements along roads are common in areas south of the upper Padma River and in the floodplains of the Mahananda, Tista, Jamuna, lower Padma, and Meghna rivers.

Although industrial development has prompted migration to the cities, Bangladesh is one of the least-urbanized areas in South Asia. Now-a-days about one-third of the population lived in urban areas. There are three major cities: Dhaka, Chittagong, and Khulna. Dhaka, the capital, is the largest. Chittagong, the country’s major port, is second in importance. A number of industrial areas, such as Kalurghat, Sholashahar, and Faujdar Hat, have developed around Chittagong. Khulna, in the southwest, has become a commercial and industrial centre; the opening of the port at Mongla nearby and the growth of the Daulatpur industrial area have increased its population.

Bangladesh’s heavy dependence on agriculture has long contributed to seasonal unemployment among rural farmworkers, as well as to a generally low standard of living in many areas. To counteract this imbalance, a policy of industrialization was adopted in the mid-20th century. The principle of free enterprise in the private sector was accepted, subject to certain conditions, including the national ownership of public utilities. The industrial policy also aimed to develop the production of consumer goods as quickly as possible in order to avoid dependence on imports.

Bangladesh is also one of the world's fastest-growing economies and one of the fastest growing middle-income countries. The country has a market-based mixed economy. A developing nation, Bangladesh is one of the Next Eleven emerging markets. 

We have mentionable progress in ICT considering our previous condition. It was not until the end of the decade that we saw noticeable growth in rural internet penetration with the advent of mobile data connectivity. Since 2011, the number of internet users saw steady and impressive growth. Government policies have been favourable to making information technology and connectivity available in rural Bangladesh through implementation of various programmes including establishing Community Information Centres (CIC), digitising various government and public services, and introducing the use of technology in education and healthcare services. There have been many development sector and NGO initiatives working on the same theme. The ultimate objective is to make more and more services available at the doorsteps of the people with increased digitalisation where possible. Although online Internet service is making significant positive changes in the country. The benefits for business communications, both with respect to cost savings and speed, are noteworthy. 

There seems a lot of usage of internet over the rural areas. Locals are slowly being empowered through access to information and overcoming barriers of digital culture in rural life. Small business establishments are thriving by using internet for numerous business advertisements through different types of online business portals and business directories. one of the business directory portal is, its playing a vital role to provide a wide range of business information with their vast amount of resources and experienced handling of numerous information which is user friendly also. is a online yellowpage or business directory that is serving its purpose in providing business information in an organized manner. Its quite easy to find any business organization information with a simple keyword in their advanced search option. The portals business data are verified in a continuous manner so that user may find their required information reliable and authentic. 
There are also some other business directory portals that validate and update business information. these kind of portals can create a vision to bridge the Bangladeshi rural and urban business communities with global aspect. This revolution of rural business empowerment will be a continuity to the future.

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